Is the Medical Device Single Audit Program (MDSAP) the Solution for Global Compliance?
Is The Medical Device Single Audit Program (MDSAP) The Solution For Global Compliance?
The agency at the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that is responsible for medical device regulation, the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH), is becoming more open to accepting the global compliance regulations developed by the International Medical Device Regulators Forum (IMDRF).
In fact, the FDA is one of 10 active members of IMDRF that are driving the effort toward creating a uniform set of global standards that will allow manufacturers to certify medical devices for sale in the countries of all the participating members. (To learn more about their goals, you can review the IMDRF’s 2021–2025 strategic plan here.)
Current Active IMDRF Members
- Australia — Therapeutic Goods Administration
- Brazil — National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA)
- Canada — Health Canada
- China — China Food and Drug Administration
- Europe — European Commission Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs
- Japan — Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency and the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare
- Russia — Russian Ministry of Health
- Singapore — Health Sciences Authority
- South Korea — Ministry of Food and Drug Safety
- United States — U.S. Food and Drug Administration
How far are we from achieving this goal of a single world standard for medical devices?
The answer is things are moving along at pace.
The IMDRF launched their Medical Device Single Audit Program (MDSAP) as a pilot program to create a uniform world regulatory standard in 2014, and it came into operation in 2017.
Medical device regulators in five countries (including the US and Canada) are active participants helping to drive the new standards.
List Of Active MDSAP Partners
- Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA)
- The Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA)
(Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária)
- Health Canada (HC)
- Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA)
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
But There Is A Sticking Point: EU Medical Devices Regulators Are Only Official Observers Of The MDSAP Initiative, Not Active Members
It’s hoped that, as the program develops, additional national regulatory authorities will be able to participate and coalesce their requirements around MDSAP to create a uniform world standard for medical device regulation.
Unfortunately, at the present time, this still excludes the world’s biggest marketplace — the EU common market — as well as that of its recently divorced member, the United Kingdom. At this time, the European Union only has Official Observer status, and the UK has yet to join on its own.
This creates a heavy burden for US-based manufacturers who have to comply with FDA regulations governing medical devices here at home and a different standard for medical devices sold in Europe and the UK.
US Medical Device Manufacturers Marketing Products Into The EU Requires Following New EU 2017/745 Medical Device Regulations (MDR) That Come Into Effect In May 2021
Given the enormous size of the EU market, most pharma companies will still want to comply with new EU regulations.
It’s now crunch time.
After a year’s postponement, the first of two important new EU Medical Device Regulations (MDR) comes into effect in May 2021. As a result, pharma manufacturers need to finalize their compliance measures now to continue marketing their medical devices throughout the EU common market after May 26, 2021.
Which EU Medical Device Regulations Are Changing?
In April 2017, the European Commission approved the eventual retirement of the three directives governing medical devices that date back to the 1990s:
- Council Directive 90/385/EEC on Active Implantable Medical Devices (AIMDD) (1990)
- Council Directive 93/42/EEC on Medical Devices (MDD) (1993)
- Directive 98/79/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on in vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices (IVDMD)
In their place, the EU approved two new regulations governing regular medical devices and in vitro diagnostic (IVD) medical devices on 25 May 2017:
- Regulation (EU) 2017/745 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2017 on medical devices, amending Directive 2001/83/EC, Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 and Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 and repealing Council Directives 90/385.EEC and 93/42/EEC
- Regulation (EU) 2017/746 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2017 on in vitro diagnostic medical devices and repealing Directive 98/79/EC and Commission Decision 2010/227/EU
Both of these new EU regulations have had a lengthy staged implementation period, with the first regulation (EU 2017/745) having been delayed an additional year (until May 26, 2021) to allow medical authorities to “focus on the Coronavirus,” while the second regulation (EU 2017/746) covering in vitro devices won’t come into force until a year later (May 26, 2022).
Why Are The EU’s MDR And IVDR Regulations Being Updated?
According to the European Union, there are over 500,000 different types of medical devices and in vitro diagnostic medical devices (IVDs) available within the EU market.
Traditional categories of medical devices include X-ray machines, pacemakers, and hip replacements. Common IVDs products include clinical testing gear equipped with needles, such as blood tests for infectious diseases or blood sugar monitoring systems for diabetics.